I am the first child of two siblings. I have a younger brother named AGIL , he's cool , good , but always make me upset . we always fight , no matter how small it is certainly a problem we are always noisier. , but when he goes home lonely without him
I have (1)…….(mix) feelings about my cousin.yes, I (2)……. (love) him, but his beeing careless many times gets me (3)…………. (annoy), like this one.
It was Monday afternoon at that time. I (4)……………………(enjoy) a TV show when I (5)……….. (hear) the bell of the ice cream vendor from the distance. That reminded me of something. I (6)………..(jump) from my seat and (7)……… (grab) my wallet. I (8)………. (open) my wallet, and i (9)………………… (surprise). There were only a few rupiahs in it. Just a week ago, my auntie (10)…….. (give) me more than enough for what I did for her. I am good in computers so she (11)…….. (ask) me to edit some photos from the last vacation.
I (12)…….. (try) to remember where I (13)……… (spend) my money during the past week. I (14)…………….. (remember) going to Ragunan Zoo with my cousin, buying two tickets, two bowls of meatball soup, and two glasses of iced lemon tea. That was all. What else did I buy ?
While I (15)…. (be) busy thinking , my cousin (16)……….. (step) out of the front door and (17)…….. (call) the ice cream man. He (18)…….. (look) at me and said “Hey, wanna grab so me ice cream ? It’s on me.” And I said to myself , “Well it’s free, so why not?” we both (19)………. (pick) our ice cream and (20)………. (enjoy) it while we (21)…. (be) chilling out in the living room. I asked him “It is strange that you actually treated me ice cream. ” He (22)………… (shurg) his shoulder and said “That’s because I got (get) some money in my wallet. ” “where did you get it ?” I asked him. He replied “No idea, it was just suddenly there.” “What ?Let me see your wallet!” I shouted. Then, I opened it and learned that the walllet was mine. I just remembered that we (23)…. (be)the same wallets and they even had the same color. “This is mine, ” I told him. “No way! Are you sure ?” he asked. I showed him a card from the wallet and said, “Look, this is my student ID card. Just a while ago I (24)…………………. (think) why my money was all gone.” “Sorry, I didn’t (25)…….. (know) that it wasn’t mine, but, don’t worry I haven’t bought anything with that. Only ice cream, ” He explained with an innocent look. I (26)……. (take) my wallet and said, “it’s okay. I’m sorry you don’t have any cash now. Here, take 20 thousands and buy some more ice cream with it. Oh, and here’s your wallet.” “Cool! Thanks, girl! ” He replied.
Yes, I hate his being careless. Fortunately, he is honest. Well, perhaps that’s why I love him.
The Present Progressive Tense
Verbing (Present Participle)
- Add ing to most verbs. Ex. play > playing, cry > crying, bark > barking
- For verbs that end in e, remove the e and add ing. Ex: slide > sliding, ride > riding
- For verbs that end in ie, change the ie to y and add ing. Ex: die > dying, tie > tying
- For a verb whose last syllable is written with a consonant-vowel-consonant and is stressed, double the last letter before adding ing. Ex: beg > begging, begin > beginning. However: enter > entering (last syllable is not stressed)
The present progressive tense is often overused by non-native speakers of English. It should only be used in the following contexts:
To describe an incomplete action which is in progress at the moment of speaking; usually with time expressions such as: now, at the moment, right now.
- (During a phone call or in an e-mail) We are discussing the project at the moment.
To describe a plan or arrangement in the near future; usually with time expressions such as: tonight, tomorrow, this week, this Monday.
- Jim‘s leaving for Brussels this evening.
To express actions that are repeated regularly; usually with a negative meaning and with the time expressions: always or forever.
- Her husband is always complaining about his health.
Note: A common mistake is using this form to describe what a company sells or produces. In general, a company sells something on a regular basis, so you need to use the present simple tense and not the present progressive.
- Incorrect: We are producing high-end plastic pipes.
- Correct: We produce high-end plastic pipes.
- Correct: That company is always selling some cheap gadget. (negative meaning)
The present progressive (continuous) is formed using am, is or are together with the ing (present participle) form of the verb.
|Subject||A form of be + Verbing (Present Participle)||Rest of Sentence|
|I||am taking||my final exam tomorrow|
|He / She / It||is sweeping||the floor at the moment|
|You / We / They||are giving||me a headache|
Contractions in the Present Progressive (Continuous)
In general we contract (or shorten) the subject (the person or thing doing the action), and form of be:
- I am > I’m – I’m going to the store in about ten minutes.
- He is > He’s, She is > She’s, It is > It’s – It’s raining cats and dogs.
- We are > We’re, You are > You’re, They are > They’re – We’re catching the 9:00 flight.
Save the long forms for when you want to create emphasis.
- You are not going out tonight!
When speaking, you should stress the not.
Negatives in the Present Progressive (Continuous)
When shortening a form of be and negative, just remove the o in not and add an apostrophe (‘)
is not > isn’t
are not > aren’t
The negative in the present progressive tense is created using am not, is not or are not together with the ing form (present participle) of the verb.
|Subject||A form of be + Verbing||Rest of Sentence|
|I||am not working||on that project now|
|He / She / It||isn’t sleeping||at the moment|
|You / We / They||aren’t running||in the marathon tomorrow|
Note: In general, use these contractions in the negative: isn’t, aren’t. Am not cannot be shortened, but you can say I’m not. Save the long forms for when you want to create emphasis.
- I’m not listening to you.
- Roger isn’t eating with us tonight.
- The Smiths aren’t going to France this year. They’re going to Thailand.
- He is not coming with me dressed like that!
Present Perfect progressive
The present perfect progressive expresses an action that recently stopped or is still going on. It puts emphasis on the duration or course of the action.
Form of Present Perfect Progressive
|I / you / we / they||I have been speaking.||I have not been speaking.||Have I been speaking?|
|he / she / it||He has been speaking.||He has not been speaking.||Has he been speaking?|
Exceptions in Spelling
|Exceptions in spelling when adding ing||Example|
|final e is dropped
(but: ee is not changed)
|come – coming
(but: agree – agreeing)
|after a short, stressed vowel, the final consonant is doubled||sit – sitting|
|l as final consonant after a vowel is doubled (in British English)||travel – travelling|
|final ie becomes y||lie – lying|
Use of Present Perfect Progressive
- puts emphasis on the duration or course of an action (not the result)
Example: She has been writing for two hours.
- action that recently stopped or is still going on
Example: I have been living here since 2001.
- finished action that influenced the present
Example: I have been working all afternoon.
Signal Words of Present Perfect Progressive
- all day, for 4 years, since 1993, how long?, the whole week
SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE
The simple present expresses an action in the present taking place once, never or several times. It is also used for actions that take place one after another and for actions that are set by a timetable or schedule. The simple present also expresses facts in the present.
All forms of the simple present are given below, using the verb write as an example:
• Basic simple present indicative:
• I write
• You write
• He/she/it writes
• We write
• You write
• They write
• Expanded simple present indicative (with question, negative, and negative question forms):
• I do write (Do I write? I do not/don’t write. Don’t I/Do I not write?)
• You do write (Do you write? You do not/don’t write. Don’t you/Do you not write?)
• He/she/it does write (Does he write? He does not/doesn’t write. Doesn’t he/Does he not write?)
• We/you/they do write (Do we write? We do not/don’t write. Don’t we/Do we not write?)
• Simple present subjunctive (affirmative):
• (that) I/you/he/she/it/we/they write
• Simple present subjunctive, negative:
• (that) I/you/he/she/it/we/they not write
Form of Present Perfect
Positive Negative Question
I / you / we / they I have spoken. I have not spoken. Have I spoken?
he / she / it He has spoken. He has not spoken. Has he spoken?
For irregular verbs, use the participle form (see list of irregular verbs, 3rd column). For regular verbs, just add “ed”.
Exceptions in Spelling when Adding ‘ed’
Exceptions in spelling when adding ed Example
after a final e only add d love – loved
final consonant after a short, stressed vowel
or l as final consonant after a vowel is doubled admit – admitted
travel – travelled
final y after a consonant becomes i hurry – hurried
Use of Present Perfect
puts emphasis on the result
Example: She has written five letters.
action that is still going on
Example: School has not started yet.
action that stopped recently
Example: She has cooked dinner.
finished action that has an influence on the present
Example: I have lost my key.
action that has taken place once, never or several times before the moment of speaking
Example: I have never been to Australia.
Signal Words of Present Perfect
already, ever, just, never, not yet, so far, till now, up to now